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Map of Southern Mexico


Map of Southern Mexico



Map of Guatemala


Map of Guatemala


Recent Findings at Cival Challenge Accepted Maya Timeline

The conventional wisdom is that the Maya civilization is divided into three time periods which spanned approximately 3000 years. The first is the Pre-Classic Period which includes the Olmecs spanning from 1500 B.C.-250 A.D. The second is the Classic Period which spanned from 250 A.D.-900 A.D. The third is the Post-Classic Period which spanned from 900 A.D.-1500 A.D. The more robust and advanced features of Maya civilization were thought not to appear until the Classic Period. This notion, however, has recently been challenged by findings at the archeological site of Cival, dating back to 150 BC or earlier, in the Petén region of Guatemala by Vanderbilt University archaeologist Francisco Estrada-Belli. Belli says "...it is now clear that Pre-classic "is a misnomer." The new evidence shows that "Pre-classic Maya societies already had many features that have been attributed to the Classic Period - kings, complex iconography, elaborate palaces and burials... . The origin of the Maya civilization has to be found in the first part of the Pre-classic period, rather than the last part." Posted May 17, 2004.



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The Maya


Here you will find pictures, slideshows, movies and information about Maya archeological sites and the current day Maya in Mexico and Guatemala.



You will need the FULL Version of QuickTime, which is a free download, to see the above slide show. If you don't have QuickTime (it's Windows & Mac friendly), go here for the free download. If you have QuickTime and are seeing a white box and no image, click here for detailed help.


Below is a brief summary of the various regions of the Maya world covered by these pages. Hopefully, what you will see and read here will convey some sense of what magnificent architechts, builders, engineers and astronomers the Maya became at the height of their advanced civilization at a time when the so-called civilized world was living in the dark ages.


MEXICO The sites along the Ruta Maya (the Maya Route) of Yucatan manifest some of the most intricately designed facades you will find anywhere in the Maya world. Uxmal is the principal site where the principal pyramid, known as the Temple of the Magician, has an unusal oval shape.

Chichen Itza is well known for the appearance of the shadow serpent, Kukulcan, who descends the stairs of the pyramid of the same name during the spring and fall equinox. You will also find other interesting buildings like the round astronomical observatory which the Maya priests used to plot the position of the stars and planets.

Palenque WaterfallsOne of the most picturesque and famous Maya sites in Mexico is Palenque in the state of Chiapas where, besides majestic ruins, you will find enchanting waterfalls. My Palenque page has pictures of the major temples and palaces and also includes a QuickTime movie of the passage down to the tomb of the great Maya King, Pacal. Near Palenque you will also find the famous blue waterfalls of Agua Azul. Check out the QuickTime movie of this beautiful waterfall.

The most beautiful setting for Maya ruins in the entire Maya world has to be Tulum which is situated on a cliff overlooking the Carribean ocean. Although interesting archeologically speaking, your breath is taken away by the natural surroundings and the inviting waters of the Carribean.


Temple I TikalGUATEMALA In Guatemala, in addition to the magnificent ruins of Tikal, there is much colorful evidence of the present day Maya preserving their traditions. This section also includes Guatemala City, Antigua, Lake Atitlan, and the famous market at Chichicastenango.

In addition to photographs and movies that I've taken on trips to various Maya archeological sites, you will find links to other Maya web sites, including sites about the Maya Calendar and Cosmology. You will also find additional links on the recent findings in Cival.


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